Chang Hon Patterns
Below are the Tuls of the Chang Hon Style.
Chon-Ji (To get Yellow tag)
Dan-Gun (To get Yellow Belt)
Do-San (To get Green tag)
Won-Hyo ( To get Green Belt)
Yul-Gok (Green Belt, blue tag/stripe)
Joong-Gun (Blue Belt)
Toi-Gye (Blue Belt, red tag/stripe)
Hwa-Rang (Red Belt)
Choong-Moo (Red Belt, black tag/stripe)
Kwang-Gae (1st. Degree Black Belt)
Po-Eun (1st. Degree Black Belt)
Ge-Baek (1st. Degree Black Belt)
Eui-Am (2nd. Degree Black Belt)
Choong-Jang (2nd. Degree Black Belt)
Ko’ Dang was the original Tul but replaced by Juche (2nd. Degree Black Belt)
Sam-Il (3rd. Degree Black Belt)
Yoo-Sin (3rd. Degree Black Belt)
Choi-Yong (3rd. Degree Black Belt)
Yon-Gae (4th. Degree Black Belt)
Ul-Ji (4th. Degree Black Belt)
Moon-Moo (4th. Degree Black Belt)
So-San (5th. Degree Black Belt)
Se-Jong (5th. Degree Black Belt)
Tong-Il (6th. Degree Black Belt )
Colour Belt Patterns
The following points should be considered while performing patterns:
- Pattern should begin and end at exactly the same spot. This will indicate the performer’s accuracy.
- Correct posture and facing must be maintained at all times.
- Muscles of the body should be either tensed or relaxed at the proper critical moments in the exercise.
- The exercise should be performed in a rhythmic movement with an absence of stiffness.
- Movement should be accelerated or decelerated according to the instructions in this book.
- Each pattern should be perfected before moving to the next Students should know the purpose of each movement.
- Students should perform each movement with realism.
- Attack and defense techniques should be equally distributed among right and left hands and feet.
Meanings of the Colour Belts
- White Signifies innocence, as that of the beginning student who has no previous knowledge of Tae Kwon-Do.
- Yellow Signifies Earth, from which a plant sprouts and takes root as the Tae Kwon-Do foundation is being laid.
- Green Signifies the plant’s growth as Tae Kwon-Do skills begin to develop.
- Blue Signifies the heaven towards which the plants matures into a towering tree a straining in Tae Kwon-Do progresses.
- Red Signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control, and warning the opponent to stay away.
- Black Opposite of white, therefore signifying the maturity and proficiency in TaeKwon-Do. Also indicates the wearers’ imperviousness to darkness and fear.
|CHON JI – 19 Movements – Yellow Belt
Literally translated means “Heaven and Earth”. In the orient it is interpreted as the creation of the world, or the beginning of human history. Therefore, it is the initial pattern practised by the beginner. It consists of two similar parts, one representing Heaven and the other Earth.
|DAN GUN – 21 Movements – Green Tip
Is named after the Holy Dan Gun, the legendary fouder of Korea in the year 2333 BC.
|DO SAN – 24 Movements – Green Belt
Is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahan Ch’ang Ho. (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life, which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.
|WON HYO – 28 Movements – Blue Tip
Was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 A.D.
|JUL GUK– 38 Movements – Blue Belt
Is the pseudonym of the philosopher and scholar Yi I. (1536-1584 AD) nicknamed the “Confucius of Korea”. The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38 degrees latitude and the diagram represents “Scholar”.
|JOONG GUN – 32 Movements – Red Tip
Is named after the patriot Ahn Joong Gun who assassinated Hiro Bumi Ito, the first Governor-General of Korea, known as the person who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn’s age when he was executed at Lui Shung prison in 1910.
|TOI GYE – 37 Movements – Red Belt
Is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th. century AD), an authority on Neo-Confucianism. The movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 degrees latitude, the diagram ( � ) represents “Scholar”.
|HWA RANG – 29 Movements – Black Tip
Is named after the Hwa Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. This group eventually became the driving force for the unification of the three Kingdoms of Korea. The 29 movements refer to the 29th infantry division, where Tae Kwon Do developed into maturity.
|CHOONG MOO – 30 Movements – Black Belt
Was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592 AD, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolise his regrettable and untimely death, which occurred before he had a chance to display the full loyalty.